The Bom santo cave (Lisbon, Portugal): Catchment, Diet, and patterns of mobility of a middle neolithic population

António Faustino Carvalho, Francisca Alves-Cardoso, David Gonçalves, Raquel Granja, João Luís Cardoso, Rebecca M. Dean, Juan Francisco Gibaja, Maria A. Masucci, Eduardo Arroyo-Pardo, Eva Fernández-Domínguez, Fiona Petchey, T. Douglas Price, José Eduardo Mateus, Paula Fernanda Queiroz, Pedro Callapez, Carlos Pimenta, Frederico T. Regala

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The study of the Bom Santo Cave (central Portugal), a Neolithic cemetery, indicates a complex social, palaeoeconomic, and population scenario. With isotope, aDNA, and provenance analyses of raw materials coupled with stylistic variability of material culture items and palaeogeographical data, light is shed on the territory and social organization of a population dated to 3800-3400 cal BC, i.e. the Middle Neolithic. Results indicate an itinerant farming, segmentary society, where exogamic practices were the norm. Its lifeway may be that of the earliest megalithic builders of the region, but further research is needed to correctly evaluate the degree of this community's participation in such a phenomenon.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)187-214
    Number of pages28
    JournalEuropean Journal of Archaeology
    Volume19
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2016

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    This research was funded by The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and Sil-soe Research Institute (SRI) with further support from the University of Birmingham.

    Keywords

    • Bioanthropology
    • Burial caves
    • Neolithic
    • Portugal

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