The binding site of chicken hepatic lectin.

S. K. Sikder, E. A. Kabat, C. J. Steer, G. Ashwell

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The binding site of the chicken hepatic lectin involved in the clearance of N-acetylglucosamine-terminated serum glycoproteins was explored by a competitive binding assay using 3H-labeled agalacto-orosomucoid and various glycoproteins, polysaccharides, monosaccharides, and glycosides as inhibitors. The binding site is relatively small, involving a terminal nonreducing DGlcNAc structure with an equatorial N-acetamido group on carbon 2 and an equatorial hydroxyl group on carbon 4. Among the mono- and oligosaccharides tested, benzyl alpha DGlcNAc was the best inhibitor, being three times as effective as DGlcNAc; and in general, all alpha-anomeric glycosides were better than beta-glycosides. All oligosaccharides with terminal nonreducing beta DGlcNAc have almost the same inhibitory power, whereas those with nonreducing DGlc or DGal were relatively inactive. Among the serum and blood group glycoproteins, a Smith degraded human H substance with several exposed terminal nonreducing beta DGlcNAc residues was the most active and twice as effective as agalacto-orosomucoid and an A substance, Hog 75 10% precipitate. Almost all hog preparations, some with A or with H activity, were equally effective. A glycopeptide with terminal DGlcNAc was twice as active as one with terminal nonreducing DMan and DGlcNAc residues and almost three times as potent as one with terminal nonreducing DGal; a glycopeptide with terminal sialic acid was inactive. The slopes of the inhibition lines differed, reflecting the heterogeneity of the various determinant groups on the glycoproteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12520-12525
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number20
StatePublished - Oct 25 1983

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