The Behavioral Development of Korean Children in Institutional Care and International Adoptive Families

Rich Lee, Kyoung Ok Seol, Miyoung Sung, Matthew J. Miller, International Adoption Project Team Minnesota International Adoption Project Team

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, the authors compared the behavioral development of 4- to 8-year-old South Korean children placed in institutional care (n = 230) or adopted internationally (n = 382), with age of entry, parental status, reason for institutionalization, and postinstitutionalization parental contact as risk factors for institutionalized children. There was a placement effect of adoption and support for age of entry and parental status as risk factors. Relinquished children institutionalized before age 2 fared the poorest across groups. Children institutionalized after age 2 with deceased/unknown parents fared best among institutionalized children. Institutionalization due to family disruption was a risk for relinquished children only, whereas parental contact did not increase the risk for behavioral problems. The unique sample population and other limitations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)468-478
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Korean
  • behavioral development
  • institutional care
  • institutionalized children
  • international adoption

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