The AVMA’s definitions of antimicrobial uses for prevention, control, and treatment of disease

David R. Smith, Patricia S. Gaunt, Paul J. Plummer, Hector M. Cervantes, Peter Davies, Virginia R. Fajt, Erin Frey, Michele T. Jay-Russell, Terry W. Lehenbauer, Mark G. Papich, Tina M. Parker, Erin C. Phipps, Joni M. Scheftel, Lauren V. Schnabel, Randall S. Singer, Janet E. Whaley, Jennifer K. Wishnie, Lindsay R. Wright, Michael Costin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent state and federal legislative actions and current recommendations from the World Health Organization seem to suggest that, when it comes to antimicrobial stewardship, use of antimicrobials for prevention, control, or treatment of disease can be ranked in order of appropriateness, which in turn has led, in some instances, to attempts to limit or specifically oppose the routine use of medically important antimicrobials for prevention of disease. In contrast, the AVMA Committee on Antimicrobials believes that attempts to evaluate the degree of antimicrobial stewardship on the basis of therapeutic intent are misguided and that use of antimicrobials for prevention, control, or treatment of disease may comply with the principles of antimicrobial stewardship. It is important that veterinarians and animal caretakers are clear about the reason they may be administering antimicrobials to animals in their care. Concise definitions of prevention, control, and treatment of individuals and populations are necessary to avoid confusion and to help veterinarians clearly communicate their intentions when prescribing or recommending antimicrobial use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)792-797
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume254
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Dr. Kathe Elizabeth Bjork, Dr. Mike J. Murphy, Dr. Megin Nichols, and Mr. Ron Phillips for providing advice to the AVMA Committee on Antimicrobials. The authors also thank AVMA Board of Directors liaison Dr. Charles Alfred Lemme for providing expertise and support in the preparation of this report.

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