The association between buccal mucosa thickness and periimplant bone loss and attachment loss: A cross-sectional study

James Mailoa, Michelle Arnett, Hsun Liang Chan, Furat M. George, Darnell Kaigler, Hom Lay Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess if there is an association between buccal mucosa thickness and periimplant attachment loss after 1 year of function. Materials and Methods: A total of 28 patients (14 periimplantitis implants and 14 healthy implants) were included. The buccal mucosal thickness was assessed using K-files at 3 mm apical to the soft tissue margin of the implant. Probing depth, recession (REC), clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding on probing, and radiographic bone loss on mesial and distal sites of the implant were recorded. Results: The data showed that there was a statistically significant difference in midfacial REC between thin and thick buccal mucosa groups. However, the CAL was not statistically significant different between both groups. In addition, there was no statistically significant difference in mesial and distal bone loss between implants with thin and thick mucosa. Conclusion: When the midfacial soft tissue thickness was thin, the midfacial REC was greater and the CAL also tended to be higher. There was no association between buccal mucosa thickness and periimplant bone loss on mesial and distal sites of the implant after 1 year of function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-581
Number of pages7
JournalImplant Dentistry
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank Delta Dental Foundation and Rackham Graduate School at the University of Michigan for supporting the study by a grant. The authors would also like to thank Andrea Cranston for her assistance during the study. The authors report no conflicts of interest related to this study.

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank Delta Dental Foundation and Rackham Graduate School at the University of Michigan for supporting the study by a grant. The authors would also like to thank Andrea Cranston for her assis tance during the study. The authors report no conflicts of interest related to this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Keywords

  • Alveolar bone loss
  • Dental implants
  • Phenotype
  • Tissues

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