The Anatomy and Function of the Atrioventricular Valves

Jorge D. Zhingre Sanchez, Michael G. Bateman, Jason L. Quill, Alexander J. Hill, Paul A. Iaizzo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The use of high-resolution non-invasive imaging in modern cardiac clinics to collect detailed images of valve function has dramatically accelerated the understanding of functional human heart anatomy. In the healthy human, the cardiac valves determine the passage of blood through the heart. The atrioventricular (AV) valves open during diastole to allow the filling of the ventricles and close during systole (ventricular contraction), directing blood through the semilunar valves to the body; these valves, in turn, close during diastole to prevent the flow of blood back into the ventricle. By presenting a comprehensive review of the histology, functional anatomy, and morphology of the AV valves, this chapter promotes an understanding of these valve features that are required for repair or replacement procedures via either surgical or minimally invasive (transcatheter) means.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHeart Valves
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Design to Clinical Implantation
PublisherSpringer Science+Business Media
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9783031255410
ISBN (Print)9783031255403
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2013, 2023.


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