The new generation of cell-free gene expression systems enables the prototyping and engineering of biological systems in vitro over a remarkable scope of applications and physical scales. As the utilization of DNA-directed in vitro protein synthesis expands in scope, developing more powerful cell-free transcription-Translation (TXTL) platforms remains a major goal to either execute larger DNA programs or improve cell-free biomanufacturing capabilities. In this work, we report the capabilities of the all-E. coli TXTL toolbox 3.0, a multipurpose cell-free expression system specifically developed for synthetic biology. In non-fed batch-mode reactions, the synthesis of the fluorescent reporter protein eGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein) reaches 4 mg/ml. In synthetic cells, consisting of liposomes loaded with a TXTL reaction, eGFP is produced at concentrations of >8 mg/ml when the chemical building blocks feeding the reaction diffuse through membrane channels to facilitate exchanges with the outer solution. The bacteriophage T7, encoded by a genome of 40 kb and ∼60 genes, is produced at a concentration of 1013 PFU/ml (plaque forming unit/ml). This TXTL system extends the current cell-free expression capabilities by offering unique strength and properties, for testing regulatory elements and circuits, biomanufacturing biologics or building synthetic cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - 2021|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press.
- cell-free transcription-Translation
- gene circuits
- synthetic cell