The Adult Attachment Interview and Self-Reports of Attachment Style: An Empirical Rapprochement

Glenn I. Roisman, Ashley Holland, Keren Fortuna, R. Chris Fraley, Eric Clausell, Alexis Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

339 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although 10 studies have been published on the empirical overlap of the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and measures of self-reported attachment style, results in this literature have been inconsistently interpreted in narrative reviews. This report was designed as a rapprochement of the AAI and attachment style literatures and includes 3 studies. Study 1 (combined N = 961) is a meta-analytic review showing that by J. Cohen's (1992) criteria (mean r = .09), the association between AAI security and attachment style dimensions is trivial to small. Study 2 (N = 160) confirms meta-analytic results with state-of-the-art assessments of attachment security and also examines attachment dimensions in relation to the Big 5 personality traits. Finally, Study 3 is an investigation of 50 engaged couples that shows that developmental and social psychological measures of attachment security predict somewhat distinct-though theoretically anticipated-aspects of functioning in adult relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)678-697
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume92
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007

Keywords

  • Adult Attachment Interview
  • Big Five personality traits
  • meta-analysis
  • romantic relationships
  • self-reported attachment style

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