The adenine phosphoribosyltransferase from Giardia lamblia has a unique reaction mechanism and unusual substrate binding properties

Anne E. Sarver, Ching C. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purine phosphoribosyltransferases catalyze the Mg2+-dependent reaction that transforms a purine base into its corresponding nucleotide. They are present in a wide variety of organisms including plants, mammals, and parasitic protozoa. Giardia lamblia, the causative agent of giardiasis, lacks de novo purine biosynthesis and relies primarily on adenine and guanine phosphoribosyl-transferases (APRTase and GPRTase) constituting two independent and essential purine salvage pathways. The APRTase from G. lamblia was cloned and expressed with a 6-His tag at its C terminus and purified to apparent homogeneity. Adenine and α-D-5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate (PRPP) have Km values of 4.2 and 143 μM with a kcat of 2.8 s-1 in the forward reaction, whereas AMP and PPi have Km values of 87 and 450 μM with a kcat of 9.5 × 10-3 s-1 in the reverse reaction. Product inhibition studies indicated that the forward reaction follows a random Bi Bi mechanism. Results from the kinetics of equilibrium isotope exchange further verified a random Bi Bi mechanism in the forward reaction. In a mutant enzyme, F25W, with kinetic constants similar to those of the wild type and a tryptophan residue at the adenine binding site, the addition of adenine or AMP to the free mutant enzyme resulted in fluorescence quenching, whereas PRPP caused fluorescence enhancement. The dissociation constants thus estimated are 16.5 μM for adenine, 14.3 μM for AMP, and 83.0 μM for PRPP. PPi exerted no detectable effect on the tryptophan fluorescence at all, suggesting a lack of PPi binding to the free enzyme. An ordered substrate binding in the reverse reaction with AMP bound first followed by PPi is thus postulated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39973-39980
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 18 2002

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