The active phytohormone in microalgae: The characteristics, efficient detection, and their adversity resistance applications

Chun Wang, Mei Qi, Jiameng Guo, Chengxu Zhou, Xiaojun Yan, Roger Ruan, Pengfei Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phytohormones are a class of small organic molecules that are widely used in higher plants and microalgae as chemical messengers. Phytohormones play a regulatory role in the physiological metabolism of cells, including promoting cell division, increasing stress tolerance, and improving photosynthetic efficiency, and thereby increasing biomass, oil, chlorophyll, and protein content. However, traditional abiotic stress methods for inducing the accumulation of energy storage substances in microalgae, such as high light intensity, high salinity, and heavy metals, will affect the growth of microalgae and will ultimately limit the efficient accumulation of energy storage substances. Therefore, the addition of phytohormones not only helps to reduce production costs but also improves the efficiency of biofuel utilization. However, accurate and sensitive phytohormones determination and analytical methods are the basis for plant hormone research. In this study, the characteristics of phytohormones in microalgae and research progress for regulating the accumulation of energy storage substances in microalgae by exogenous phytohormones, combined with abiotic stress conditions at home and abroad, are summarized. The possible metabolic mechanism of phytohormones in microalgae is discussed, and possible future research directions are put forward, which provide a theoretical basis for the application of phytohormones in microalgae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number46
JournalMolecules
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (32170369), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFD0901504, 2018YFA0903003), the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LY20D060003), the Open Fund of Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (KF2019NO3), the State Key Laboratory of Marine Resource Utilization in South China Sea (Hainan University) (MRUKF2021003), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Provincial Universities (SJLY2020007), and University of Minnesota Center for Biorefining.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Abiotic stress
  • Analysis
  • Microalgae
  • Phytohormone

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review

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