The 1880 U.S. Population database

Ron Goeken, Cuong Nguyen, Steven Ruggles, Walter Sargent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


The 1880 U.S. population database contains records for the over 50 million individuals enumerated in the census. This unique data set is the result of collaboration between the Minnesota Population Center (MPC) and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS). To make census data available to genealogists, LDS volunteers transcribed the characteristics of all U.S. residents in 1880. The MPC verified and corrected this transcription, in exchange for the right to disseminate the resulting database for scholarly and educational purposes. The authors consider editing and coding procedures and a range of problems: missing and incorrect geographic identifiers, data-processing errors, duplicate and missing cases, and inaccurate breaks between households. They also classify variables according to standardized coding systems, making the database compatible with the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalHistorical Methods
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003



  • 1880 census
  • Microdata
  • Population

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