Textured Lead-Free Piezoelectric Ceramics for Flexible Energy Harvesters

Yuvasree Purusothaman, Haoyang Leng, Aman Nanda, Ilan Levine, Shashank Priya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


A lead-free (K,Na)NbO3-based piezoelectric ceramic is textured along the (001) direction using the NaNbO3 (NN) seeds. The composition 0.96(K0.5Na0.5)(Nb0.965Sb0.035)O3-0.01CaZrO3-0.03(Bi0.5K0.5)HfO3 (KNN) is found to provide an excellent combination of electromechanical coefficients at room temperature. The textured composition with 5 wt % NN template (KNN-5NN) exhibits considerably improved electromechanical coefficients, d33 ∼ 590 pC/N, k31 ∼ 0.46, and d31 ∼ 215 ×10-12 C/N, at room temperature. A flexible piezoelectric energy harvester (F-PEH) is fabricated using the textured KNN-5NN ceramic and tested under cyclic force. F-PEH exhibits enhanced output voltage (Voc ∼ 25 V), current (I ∼ 0.4 μA), and power density (PD ∼ 5.5 mW/m2) (RL of 10 MΩ) in the off-resonance frequency regime. In comparison to the random ceramic KNN-0NN-based F-PEH (Voc ∼ 8 V and I ∼ 0.1 μA), the textured F-PEH significantly outperformed energy harvesting capability due to the large figure-of-merit value (d31 × g31) ∼ 3354 ×10-15 m3/J. This work provides a methodology for texturing lead-free materials and further implementing them in flexible energy harvesting devices and sensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6584-6593
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 8 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Chemical Society.


  • KNN piezoceramics
  • fatigue
  • flexible energy harvester
  • phase transition
  • texture

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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