Tetracaine, Epinephrine (Adrenalin), and Cocaine (TAC) Versus Lidocaine, Epinephrine, and Tetracaine (LET) for Anesthesia of Lacerations in Children

Craig G. Schilling, David E. Bank, Barbara A. Borchert, Martin D. Klatzko, Donald L. Uden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study objective: To compare the duration of anesthesia experienced with lidocaine, epinephrine, and tetracaine (LET) solution and that with tetracaine, epinephrine (Adrenalin), and cocaine (TAC) solution during suturing of uncomplicated lacerations on the face or scalp. Design: Double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Setting: The emergency department of a university-affiliated private children's hospital. Participants: One hundred seventy-one children with lacerations on the face and scalp requiring suturing. Interventions: After standard application of the anesthetic solution, patients were assessed for signs of discomfort before and during laceration repair. Duration of anesthesia during laceration repair was determined on the basis of the length of time after removal of the anesthetic solution to the first sign(s) of discomfort that required additional anesthesia. Results: There was no statistical difference between TAC and LET in adequacy of anesthesia before suturing or in duration of anesthesia during suturing. Conclusion: LET is an effective alternative to TAC for topical anesthesia during suturing of uncomplicated lacerations on the face and scalp in children. [Schilling CG, Bank DE, Borchert BA, Klatzko MD, Uden DL: Tetracaine, epinephrine (Adrenalin), and cocaine (TAC) versus lidocaine, epinephrine, and tetracaine (LET) for anesthesia of lacerations in children. Ann Emerg Med February 1995;25:203-208.].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-208
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Emergency Medicine
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1995

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Financial support for this study was provided by the FA Bean Education and Research Fund, Minneapolis Children's Medical Center.

Copyright:
Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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