Testosterone administration does not affect men's rejections of low ultimatum game offers or aggressive mood

Carlos Cueva, R. Edward Roberts, Tom J. Spencer, Nisha Rani, Michelle Tempest, Philippe N. Tobler, Joe Herbert, Aldo Rustichini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Correlative evidence suggests that testosterone promotes dominance and aggression. However, causal evidence is scarce and offers mixed results. To investigate this relationship, we administered testosterone for 48 h to 41 healthy young adult men in a within-subjects, double-blind placebo-controlled balanced crossover design. Subjects played the role of responders in an ultimatum game, where rejecting a low offer is costly, but serves to destroy the proposer's profit. Such action can hence be interpreted as non-physical aggression in response to social provocation. In addition, subjects completed a self-assessed mood questionnaire. As expected, self-reported aggressiveness was a key predictor of ultimatum game rejections. However, while testosterone affected subjective ratings of feeling energetic and interested, our evidence strongly suggests that testosterone had no effect on ultimatum game rejections or on aggressive mood. Our findings illustrate the importance of using causal interventions to assess correlative evidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalHormones and Behavior
Volume87
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Bargaining
  • Dominance
  • Neuroeconomics
  • Sex hormones

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