Objective: To test the effectiveness of behavioral economics strategies for increasing vegetable intake, variety, and liking among children residing in homes receiving food assistance. Design: A randomized controlled trial with data collected at baseline, once weekly for 6 weeks, and at study conclusion. Setting: Family homes. Participants: Families with a child (9-12 years) will be recruited through community organizations and randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 36) or control (n = 10) group. Intervention: The intervention group will incorporate a new behavioral economics strategy during home dinner meal occasions each week for 6 weeks. Strategies are simple and low-cost. Main Outcome Measure(s): The primary dependent variable will be child's dinner meal vegetable consumption based on weekly reports by caregivers. Fixed independent variables will include the strategy and week of strategy implementation. Secondary dependent variables will include vegetable liking and variety of vegetables consumed based on data collected at baseline and study conclusion. Analysis: Mean vegetable intake for each strategy across families will be compared using a mixed-model analysis of variance with a random effect for child. In additionally, overall mean changes in vegetable consumption, variety, and liking will be compared between intervention and control groups.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The data collection in this study was completed in 2014 but this article is written in future tense per Journal style. This project was funded by the US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture and Food Research Initiative, Childhood Obesity Prevention Program: Integrated Research, Education, and Extension to Prevent Childhood Obesity, Program Code: A2101, Grant/Award 2012-68001-19631.
© 2015 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior.
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- Behavioral economics