Testing primordial black holes as dark matter with LISA

N. Bartolo, V. De Luca, G. Franciolini, M. Peloso, D. Racco, A. Riotto

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The idea that primordial black holes (PBHs) can comprise most of the dark matter of the Universe has recently reacquired a lot of momentum. Observational constraints, however, rule out this possibility for most of the PBH masses, with a notable exception around 10-12 M. These light PBHs may be originated when a sizable comoving curvature perturbation generated during inflation reenters the horizon during the radiation phase. During such a stage, it is unavoidable that gravitational waves (GWs) are generated. Since their source is quadratic in the curvature perturbations, these GWs are generated fully non-Gaussian. Their frequency today is about a millihertz, which is exactly the range where the LISA mission has the maximum of its sensitivity. This is certainly an impressive coincidence. We show that this scenario of PBHs as dark matter can be tested by LISA by measuring the GW two-point correlator. On the other hand, we show that the short observation time (as compared to the age of the Universe) and propagation effects of the GWs across the perturbed Universe from the production point to the LISA detector suppress the bispectrum to an unobservable level. This suppression is completely general and not specific to our model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103521
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 15 2019

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    Bartolo, N., De Luca, V., Franciolini, G., Peloso, M., Racco, D., & Riotto, A. (2019). Testing primordial black holes as dark matter with LISA. Physical Review D, 99(10), [103521]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.99.103521