Testing of the LSST’s photometric calibration strategy at the CTIO 0.9 meter telescope

Michael W. Coughlin, Susana Deustua, Augustin Guyonnet, Nicholas Mondrik, Joseph P. Rice, Christopher W. Stubbs, John T. Woodward

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The calibration hardware system of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) is designed to measure two quantities: a telescope’s instrumental response and atmospheric transmission, both as a function of wavelength. First of all, a “collimated beam projector” is designed to measure the instrumental response function by projecting monochromatic light through a mask and a collimating optic onto the telescope. During the measurement, the light level is monitored with a NIST-traceable photodiode. This method does not suffer from stray light effects or the reflections (known as ghosting) present when using a flat-field screen illumination, which has a systematic source of uncertainty from uncontrolled reflections. It allows for an independent measurement of the throughput of the telescope’s optical train as well as each filter’s transmission as a function of position on the primary mirror. Second, CALSPEC stars can be used as calibrated light sources to illuminate the atmosphere and measure its transmission. To measure the atmosphere’s transfer function, we use the telescope’s imager with a Ronchi grating in place of a filter to configure it as a low resolution slitless spectrograph. In this paper, we describe this calibration strategy, focusing on results from a prototype system at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) 0.9 meter telescope. We compare the instrumental throughput measurements to nominal values measured using a laboratory spectrophotometer, and we describe measurements of the atmosphere made via CALSPEC standard stars during the same run.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationObservatory Operations
Subtitle of host publicationStrategies, Processes, and Systems VII
EditorsRobert L. Seaman, Alison B. Peck, Chris R. Benn
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510619616
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes
EventObservatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems VII 2018 - Austin, United States
Duration: Jun 11 2018Jun 15 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10704
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceObservatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems VII 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAustin
Period6/11/186/15/18

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
MC was supported by the David and Ellen Lee Postdoctoral Fellowship at the California Institute of Technology. CWS is grateful to the DOE Office of Science for their support under award DE-SC0007881. NM is supported by National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program, under NSF grant number DGE 1745303. NM thanks the LSSTC Data Science Fellowship Program, his time as a Fellow has benefited this work.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 SPIE

Keywords

  • LSST
  • Photometric calibration

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