Testing for linear trends in proportions using correlated otolaryngology or ophthalmology data

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Abstract

This paper is concerned with the issue of testing for trend with correlated binary data. We consider the problem where one has either one or two ears (or eyes) available for analysis at baseline and one wishes to look at changes over time in a dichotomous outcome taking into account the correlation between responses from two ears. A reparameterization of Rosner's (1982, Biometrics 38, 105-114) correlated binary data model is presented and applied to a test for trend where the stratifying variable is age (or any other subject-specific variable). Observed and expected values are calculated for the trend statistic separately for both unilateral and bilateral cases and are then summed to obtain an overall summary statistic. The proposed method is illustrated by a reanalysis of data presented in a published study of the efficacy of antibiotics for the treatment of otitis media.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-303
Number of pages5
JournalBiometrics
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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