Testing a Military Family Stress Model

Abigail H. Gewirtz, David S. DeGarmo, Osnat Zamir

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The current study examines a military family stress model, evaluating associations between deployment-related stressors (i.e., deployment length/number, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD] symptoms) and parent, child, parenting, and dyadic adjustment among families in which a parent had previously deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan in the recent conflicts. Married families (N = 293) with at least one child between the ages of 4 and 12 were recruited from a Midwestern state. Service members were from the Reserve Component (National Guard or Reserves); fathers (N = 253) and/or mothers had deployed (N = 45) to the recent conflicts in the Middle East. Multiple-method (observations of parenting and couple interactions; questionnaires) and multiple informant measures were gathered online and in the homes of participants, from parents, children, and teachers. Findings demonstrated associations between mothers' and fathers' PTSD symptoms and a latent variable of child adjustment comprising teacher, parent, and child report. Mothers' but not fathers' PTSD symptoms were also associated with dyadic adjustment and parenting practices; parenting practices were in turn associated with child adjustment. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for military family stress research and interventions to support and strengthen parents and families after deployment.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)415-431
    Number of pages17
    JournalFamily Process
    Volume57
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

    Keywords

    • MIDWEST (U.S.)
    • DEPLOYMENT (Military strategy)
    • RESEARCH methodology
    • PARENTING
    • POST-traumatic stress disorder
    • PSYCHOLOGY -- Mathematical models
    • QUESTIONNAIRES
    • RESEARCH funding
    • STRESS (Psychology)
    • FAMILIES of military personnel
    • DATA analysis software
    • DESCRIPTIVE statistics
    • Children
    • Couples
    • Families
    • Family Stress Model
    • Military
    • familias
    • militares
    • modelo de estrés familiar
    • niños
    • parejas
    • 伴侣
    • 儿童
    • 家庭
    • 家庭压力模型
    • 部队

    PubMed: MeSH publication types

    • Journal Article
    • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

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