Testicular rupture following rubber bullet trauma case report

Madison E. Kahle, Kayla M. Hamann, Aliya A. Sakher, Erika A. Kaske, Travis Pagliara, Joseph J. Pariser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Following civil unrest during 2020, physicians began to notice a variety of injuries resulting from crowd control weapons. While prior research emphasized ocular trauma, genitourinary complications of injuries have yet to be investigated. A previously healthy 27-year-old male presented to the emergency department due to sudden onset of severe left testicular pain following rubber bullet trauma. Physical exam showed extreme tenderness, abrasion, contusion, and edema of the left testicle with normal right testicle. Doppler ultrasound showed minimal blood flow to the superior pole with irregularity of the tunica albuginea. Surgery confirmed testicular rupture with a large tunical violation and extruded spermatic tubules. The testicle was thoroughly irrigated, non-viable tubules were debrided, and intraoperative ultrasound confirmed restoration of blood flow. Patient was discharged and instructed to follow-up should he face any fertility concerns in the future. Current crowd control guidelines state projectiles should be aimed at the lower abdomen or extremities; however, projectiles can cause testicular trauma which may lead to hypogonadism, infection, and psychological impact. Until there are changes to methods of crowd control, attendees should consider the use of athletic cups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3529-3531
Number of pages3
JournalTranslational Andrology and Urology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2021

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  • Case report
  • Crowd control weapon
  • Testicular rupture


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