Testcross additive and dominance effects in best linear unbiased prediction of maize single-cross performance

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Best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) has been found to be useful in maize (Zea mays L.) breeding. The advantage of including both testcross additive and dominance effects (Intralocus Model) in BLUP, rather than only testcross additive effects (Additive Model), has not been clearly demonstrated. The objective of this study was to compare the usefulness of Intralocus and Additive Models for BLUP of maize single-cross performance. Multilocation data from 1990 to 1995 were obtained from the hybrid testing program of Limagrain Genetics. Grain yield, moisture, stalk lodging, and root lodging of untested single crosses were predicted from (1) the performance of tested single crosses and (2) known genetic relationships among the parental inbreds. Correlations between predicted and observed performance were obtained with a delete-one cross-validation procedure. For the Intralocus Model, the correlations ranged from 0.50 to 0.66 for yield, 0.88 to 0.94 for moisture, 0.47 to 0.69 for stalk lodging, and 0.31 to 0.45 for root lodging. The BLUP procedure was consistently more effective with the Intralocus Model than with the Additive Model. When the Additive Model was used instead of the Intralocus Model, the reductions in the correlation were largest for root lodging (0.06-0.35), smallest for moisture (0.00-0.02), and intermediate for yield (0.02-0.06) and stalk lodging (0.02-0.08). The ratio of dominance variance (v(D)) to total genetic variance (v(G)) was highest for root lodging (0.47) and lowest for moisture (0.10). The Additive Model may be used if prior information indicates that V(D) for a given trait has little contribution to V(G). Otherwise, the continued use of the Intralocus Model for BLUP of single-cross performance is recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1098-1102
Number of pages5
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Nov 1996


  • Additive variance
  • Best linear unbiased prediction
  • Dominance
  • Maize


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