Test of variational transition state theory with a large-curvature tunneling approximation against accurate quantal reaction probabilities and rate coefficients for three collinear reactions with large reaction-path curvature: Cl+HCl, Cl+DCl, and Cl+MuCl

D. K. Bondi, J. N.L. Connor, Bruce C. Garrett, Donald G. Truhlar

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Abstract

The large-curvature ground-state model for the transmission coefficient of generalized transition state theory [presented in a previous paper by B. C. Garrett, D. G. Truhlar, A. F. Wagner, and T. H. Dunning, J. Chem. Phys. 78, 4400(1983)] is tested against accurate quantal calculations of the rate coefficients for collinear reactions with very large inertial effects, namely Cl+HCl→ClH+Cl, Cl+DCl-→ClD+Cl, and Cl+MuCl→ClMu+Cl. The tests cover the temperature range 200-2400 K. The accurate rate calculations are based on reaction probabilities obtained by a new numerical method for solving Schrödinger's equation in Delves' coordinates. Improved canonical variational transition state theory predicts rate coefficients 5.0-18 times smaller than those predicted by conventional transition state theory for the H transfer; for the D transfer, the ratio is 2.0-3.4; and for Mu it is 22-2.8 × 107. The large-curvature model predicts transmission coefficients as large as 41, 8, and 206 for the H, D, and Mu-transfer cases at 200 K, decreasing to 1.2, 1.1, and 1.4 at 2400 K. Despite the large effect of variationally optimizing the transition state location and the large size of the tunneling effect and the wide variation of both effects with temperature, improved canonical variational transition state theory with large-curvature ground-state transmission coefficients (ICVT/LCG) is accurate within a factor of 1.7 over a temperature range of a factor of 8, 300-2400 K, for all three reactions. At 200 K, the ICVT/LCG model underestimates the rate coefficients, by factors of 2.3, 1.9, and 1.5 for H, D, and Mu, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5981-5989
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of chemical physics
Volume78
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982

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