Test of the cross-cultural generalizability of a model of sexual harassment

S. Arzu Wasti, Mindy E. Bergman, Theresa M. Glomb, Fritz Drasgow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

116 Scopus citations


Sexual harassment research has been primarily limited to examination of the phenomena in U.S. organizations; attempts to explore the generalizability of constructs and theoretical models across cultures are rare. This study examined (a) the measurement equivalence of survey scales in U.S. and Turkish samples using mean and covariance structure analysis and (b) the generalizability of the L. F. Fitzgerald, F. Drasgow, C. L. Hulin, M. J. Gelfand, and V. J. Magley (1997) model of sexual harassment to the Turkish context using structural equations modeling. Analyses used questionnaire data from 336 Turkish women and 455 women from the United States. The results indicate that, in general, the survey scales demonstrate measurement equivalence and the pattern of relationships in the Fitzgerald et al. model generalizes to the Turkish culture. These results support the usefulness of the model for explaining sexual harassment experiences in a variety of organizational and cultural contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)766-778
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2000


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