Ternary polymer blends as model surfactant systems

Newell R. Washburn, Timothy P. Lodge, Frank S. Bates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

An investigation of the ternary phase prism for low molecular weight poly(ethylene oxide), squalane, and poly(ethylene oxide-b-ethylenepropylene) is presented. Comparisons are made between this ternary polymer system and classic water/oil/surfactant mixtures to establish further a universal phase diagram description for amphiphilic systems. A combination of visual isothermal measurements, small-angle X-ray scattering, small-angle neutron scattering, and dynamical mechanical spectrometry was used to characterize phases and determine phase boundaries. A rich phase diagram was revealed, including most of the equilibrium liquid crystalline phases associated with diblock copolymers, regions of two-phase and three-phase coexistence, and a bicontinuous microemulsion. Differences between this polymer phase diagram and those from water/oil/surfactant systems highlight the strong effect of water in the latter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6987-6997
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume104
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2000

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