Crude soybean oil contains phospholipids (2.5 wt%) that must be removed from oil during processing. A common method is the water-degumming process. A ternary phase diagram of soybean oil-water-soybean PC, a major component of phospholipids, was established. From this diagram, phase transitions and compositions of phases can be determined. A theoretical model describing the relationship between aggregation curvature and the amount of water added is presented to explain the phase transitions. The amount of water absorption by the lamellar phase should be larger than the critical value of 34 wt% based on the total weight of water and PC. Below this critical amount, phospholipids tend to form liposomes. Above the critical point and below the saturation point, larger aggregates of particles form and can be easily separated. When more water is added to reach the water adsorption limit, about 40 wt% based on the total weight of water and PC, a phase transition boundary is observed, beyond which a third phase, water, appears and the particle size falls dramatically. In between the critical line predicted by the model and the water adsorption saturation line observed experimentally, there is an operation window on the ternary phase diagram for the water-degumming process.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society|
|State||Published - Apr 2003|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank Cargill Central Research, Cargill, Inc. for financial support of this research.
- Phase behavior