Terazosin for treating symptomatic benign prostatic obstruction: A systematic review of efficacy and adverse effects

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To systematically review and evaluate the effectiveness and adverse effects of the α-antagonist, terazosin, for treating urinary symptoms associated with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). Methods: Studies were sought and included in the review if they were randomized trials of at least 1 month duration, involved men with symptomatic BPO and compared terazosin with placebo or active controls. The study, patient characteristics and outcome data were extracted in duplicate onto standardized forms using a prospectively developed protocol. Results: Seventeen studies involving 5151 men met the inclusion criteria, i.e. placebo-controlled (10), α-blockers (seven), finasteride alone or combined with terazosin and placebo (one), and microwave therapy (one). The study duration was 4-52 weeks; the mean age of the men was 65 years and 82% were white. Baseline urological symptom scale scores and flow rates showed that men had moderate BPO. Efficacy outcomes were rarely reported in a way that allowed for data pooling, but indicated that terazosin improved symptom scores and flow rates more than did placebo or finasteride, and similarly to other α-antagonists. The pooled mean percentage improvement for the Boyarsky symptom score was 37% for terazosin and 15% for placebo (four studies). The mean percentage improvement for the American Urological Association symptom score was 38%, compared with 17% and 20% for placebo and finasteride, respectively (two studies). The pooled mean improvement in the International Prostate Symptom Score of 40% was similar to that with tamsulosin (43%). Peak urinary flow rates improved more with terazosin (22%) than with placebo (11%) and finasteride (15%), but did not differ significantly from the other α-antagonists. The percentage of men discontinuing terazosin was comparable with those receiving placebo and finasteride, but greater than with other α-antagonists. Adverse effects were greater than with placebo and included dizziness, asthenia, headache and postural hypotension. Conclusions: The available evidence indicates that terazosin improves the symptoms and flow rates associated with BPO; it was more effective than placebo or finasteride and similar to other α-antagonists. Adverse effects were generally mild but more frequent than with other α-antagonists and associated with a two- to four-fold increase in treatment discontinuation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)214-225
Number of pages12
JournalBJU International
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • BPH
  • Lower urinary tract symptoms
  • Systematic review
  • Terazosin
  • α1-adrenoceptor antagonists

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