Laminated strand lumber (LSL) and laminated veneer lumber (LVL) were thermally modified as a post-treatment at 140°C, 150°C, 160°C, 170°C, and 180°C. The tension modulus of elasticity (MOE) of LSL was not significantly impacted by the treatments, with the 180°C treatment group exhibiting the highest tension MOE (11.8 GPa). The LVL also experienced minimal impacts, with the 150°C treatment group having the highest tension MOE (19.4 GPa) and the 160°C treatment group exhibiting the lowest (17.1 GPa). The maximum tensile strength (MTS) of the LSL and LVL significantly decreased with increasing temperatures, with the control and 180°C treatment groups experiencing the highest and lowest MTS, respectively. The lowest MTS for LSL was 10.8 MPa (180°C treatment), which was 70% lower than the controls. The lowest MTS of the LVL was 24.4 MPa (also at the 180°C treatment), which was a 49% decrease compared to the controls. These results suggest that thermal-modification post-treatments minimally impact tension MOE, but can significantly reduce MTS at higher treatment temperatures. Combined with previous work improving the moisture properties and equilibrium moisture content of thermally modified LSL and LVL, it may be possible to optimize the treatment technique(s) to yield products with desirable properties.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation Partnerships for Innovation Building Innovation Capacity (PFI: BIC) subprogram [grant number 1237798].
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- Engineered wood
- modified wood
- thermally modified wood