Ten Aspects of the Big Five in the Personality Inventory for DSM-5

Colin G DeYoung, Bridget E. Carey, Robert Krueger, Scott R. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5) includes a dimensional model of personality pathology, operationalized in the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5), with 25 facets grouped into 5 higher order factors resembling the Big Five personality dimensions. The present study tested how well these 25 facets could be integrated with the 10-factor structure of traits within the Big Five that is operationalized by the Big Five Aspect Scales (BFAS). In 2 healthy adult samples, 10-factor solutions largely confirmed our hypothesis that each of the 10 BFAS would be the highest loading BFAS on 1 and only 1 factor. Varying numbers of PID-5 scales were additional markers of each factor, and the overall factor structure in the first sample was well replicated in the second. Our results allow Cybernetic Big Five Theory (CB5T) to be brought to bear on manifestations of personality disorder, because CB5T offers mechanistic explanations of the 10 factors measured by the BFAS. Future research, therefore, may begin to test hypotheses derived from CB5T regarding the mechanisms that are dysfunctional in specific personality disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-123
Number of pages11
JournalPersonality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by grants to Colin G. DeYoung by the National Institutes of Health (R03 DA029177-01A1) and National Science Foundation (SES-1061817).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Psychological Association.


  • Big Five
  • five factor model
  • personality aspectscales
  • personality disorders
  • personality inventory


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