Temperature-dependent mechanical behavior of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous tungsten

Kevin M. Schmalbach, Zhao Wang, R. Lee Penn, David Poerschke, Antonia Antoniou, Andreas Stein, Nathan A. Mara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Porous metals represent a class of materials where the interplay of ligament length, width, node structure, and local geometry/curvature offers a rich parameter space for the study of critical length scales on mechanical behavior. Colloidal crystal templating of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM, i.e., inverse opal) tungsten provides a unique structure to investigate the mechanical behavior at small length scales across the brittle-ductile transition. Micropillar compression tests show failure at 50 MPa contact pressure at 30 °C, implying a ligament yield strength of approximately 6.1 GPa for a structure with 5% relative density. In situ SEM frustum indentation tests with in-plane strain maps perpendicular to loading indicate local compressive strains of approximately 2% at failure at 30 °C. Increased sustained contact pressure is observed at 225 °C, although large (20%) nonlocal strains appear at 125 °C. The elevated-temperature mechanical performance is limited by cracks that initiate on planes of greatest shear under the indenter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Materials Research
StatePublished - Jun 8 2020

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Reporting period for MRSEC

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    11/1/14 → …

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    University of Minnesota MRSEC (DMR-1420013)

    Lodge, T. P.


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