Telephone support as an adjunct to transdermal nicotine in smoking cessation

Harry A Lando, Sharon Rolnick, David Klevan, Joachim Roski, Linda Cherney, Gary Lauger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. Transdermal nicotine patches have shown considerable promise in improving smoking cessation outcomes. The present study assessed telephone support as an adjunct to a managed creed, single-session group orientation smoking cessation program with nicotine patch therapy. Methods. The unit of randomization was the orientation session (n = 35). Subjects (n = 509) were randomly assigned to a group session without telephone support, the session plus access to a toll-free help line, or the session with telephone help line plus active telephone outreach. Results. Contrary to hypothesis, there were no differences between treatment conditions. Overall abstinence rates were 22% at 6 months and 21% at 1 year. Fewer than 1% of eligible subjects called the toll-free help line. An average of 3.8 of a possible 4 calls were completed in the telephone outreach condition. Conclusions. Abstinence results obtained in this program were comparable to those obtained with more extensive counseling. However, there was no evidence of benefit from telephone support beyond the initial physician-led group orientation session.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1670-1674
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume87
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1997

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