Teamwork in clinical reasoning - cooperative or parallel play?

Andrew P J Olson, Steven J Durning, Carolina Fernandez Branson, Brian Sick, Kathleen P Lane, Joseph J Rencic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Teamwork is fundamental for high-quality clinical reasoning and diagnosis, and many different individuals are involved in the diagnostic process. However, there are substantial gaps in how these individuals work as members of teams and, often, work is done in parallel, rather than in an integrated, collaborative fashion. In order to understand how individuals work together to create knowledge in the clinical context, it is important to consider social cognitive theories, including situated cognition and distributed cognition. In this article, the authors describe existing gaps and then describe these theories as well as common structures of teams in health care and then provide ideas for future study and improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-312
Number of pages6
JournalDiagnosis (Berlin, Germany)
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 27 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH. All rights reserved.


  • Clinical reasoning
  • Diagnosis
  • Education
  • Medical education

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review


Dive into the research topics of 'Teamwork in clinical reasoning - cooperative or parallel play?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this