Team Sports and Sexual Violence: Examining Perpetration by and Victimization of Adolescent Males and Females

Jamie Cheever, Marla E. Eisenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The authors examined whether team athletic involvement is related to sexual violence victimization and perpetration among male and female high school students. A secondary data analysis was conducted with Minnesota Student Survey data gathered from 122,501 Minnesota eighth-grade, ninth-grade, and 11th grade students. Multivariable logistic regression indicates that sport-involved youth are more likely to be involved in sexual violence than peers not involved in sports. For example, highly sport-involved males are significantly more likely to coerce a partner into sex (odds ratio [OR] = 1.35, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.01, 1.67]) and be coerced (OR = 1.19, 95% CI = [1.02, 1.38]) than nonsport peers. The results suggest high school sport programs could be an important site to implement comprehensive sexual violence prevention programs targeted at individual actions as well as harmful cultural norms and systematic inequities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)NP400-NP422
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number1-2
Early online dateMay 5 2020
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This publication was supported with funds from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB), Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) (T71MC00006; R. Sieving, PI). The contents are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official views of, nor an endorsement, by HRSA, HHS, or the U.S. Government. For more information, please visit

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2020.


  • adolescent victims
  • adolescents
  • female offenders
  • male victims
  • sexual assault
  • sexual harassment

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.


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