Team-oriented care for orofacial Clefts: A review of the literature

Katlyn McGrattan, Charles Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Objective: To examine the process of team-oriented care for children with orofacial clefts. Design: Systematic review of available studies reporting team-oriented management of children and adults with orofacial clefts. We identified studies from OVID, PsychINFO, REHABDATA, PubMed, and The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal to complete this review. Main Outcome Measures: Process of team-oriented treatment, which included use of team-oriented care, continuity of team-oriented care, and approaches to team-oriented care. Results: We identified nine studies including 1398 participants. We found that studies examining team-oriented approaches to orofacial clefts were limited. Studies of orofacial teams suggest that use of team-oriented approaches to care are highly variable. It is unclear how these inconsistencies in approaches to care influence long-term outcomes. Conclusions: Although the literature suggests that the process of team-oriented care results in better outcomes in individuals with orofacial clefts, process of care as a measurable outcome has yet to be adequately examined. Future studies are needed to investigate the impact on clinical outcomes and their relationship to cost effectiveness and efficiency of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Cleft lip
  • Cleft palate
  • Orofacial cleft
  • Systematic review
  • Team treatment


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