TCR affinity and specificity requirements for human regulatory T-cell function

Gabriela Plesa, Lingjie Zheng, Andrew Medvec, Caleph B. Wilson, Camila Robles-Oteiza, Nathaniel Liddy, Alan D. Bennett, Jessie Gavarret, Annelise Vuidepot, Yangbing Zhao, Bruce R. Blazar, Bent K. Jakobsen, James L. Riley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated whether TCRs restricted to the more ubiquitously expressed MHC class I molecules could be used to redirect human regulatory T cells (Tregs). Using a series of HLA-A2-restricted TCRs that recognize the same peptide-MHC class I complex (pMHC) with affinities varying up to 3500 fold, we observed that TCR affinity had no effect on the ability of the introduced TCRs to confer potent Ag-specific suppressive activity. Surprisingly, we found a naturally occurring, low-affinity MHC class I-restricted TCR specific for an NY-ESO-1 epitope that was unable to redirect a functional CD4 T-effector cell response could confer potent antigen-specific suppressive activity when expressed in Tregs and severely impair the expansion of highly functional HIV-1 GAG-specific CD8 T cells expressing a high-affinity TCR. This suppressive activity was only observed when both Ags were presented by the same cell, and no suppression was observed when the target Ags were put in distinct cells. These studies underscore the clinical utility of using MHC class I-restricted TCRs to endow Tregs with specificity to control autoimmune disease and highlight the conditions in which this approach would have most therapeutic benefit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3420-3430
Number of pages11
JournalBlood
Volume119
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 12 2012

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    Plesa, G., Zheng, L., Medvec, A., Wilson, C. B., Robles-Oteiza, C., Liddy, N., Bennett, A. D., Gavarret, J., Vuidepot, A., Zhao, Y., Blazar, B. R., Jakobsen, B. K., & Riley, J. L. (2012). TCR affinity and specificity requirements for human regulatory T-cell function. Blood, 119(15), 3420-3430. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2011-09-377051