Targeted Drug Delivery by MMAE Farnesyl-Bioconjugated Multivalent Chemically Self-Assembled Nanorings Induces Potent Receptor-Dependent Immunogenic Cell Death

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Abstract

Antibody-drug conjugates, nanoparticles, and liposomes have been used for anticancer drug delivery. The success of targeted killing of cancer cells relies heavily on the selectivity of the drug delivery systems. In most systems, antibodies or their fragments were used as targeting ligands. In this study, we have investigated the potential for protein-based octomeric chemically self-assembled nanorings (CSANs) to be used for anticancer drug delivery. The CSANs are composed of a DHFR-DHFR fusion protein incorporating an EGFR-targeting fibronectin and the anticancer drug MMAE conjugated through a C-terminal farnesyl azide. The anti-EGFR-MMAE CSANs were shown to undergo rapid internalization and have potent cytotoxicity to cancer cells across a 9000-fold difference in EGFR expression. In addition, anti-EGFR-MMAE CSANs were shown to induce immunological cell death. Thus, multivalent and modular CSANs are a potential alternative anticancer drug delivery platform with the capability of targeting tumor cells with heterogeneous antigen expression while activating the anticancer immune response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)582-592
Number of pages11
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2024

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© 2024 American Chemical Society.

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  • Journal Article

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