A major partial-resistance locus to the soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines Ichinohe: SCN) was identified on linkage group 'G' of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] using restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). This locus explained 51.4% (LOD=10.35) of the total phenotypic variation in disease response in soybean Plant Introduction (PI) 209332.52.7% (LOD=15.58) in PI 90763, 40.0% (LOD=10.50) in PI 88788, and 28.1% (LOD=6.94) in 'Peking'. Initially, the region around this major resistance locus was poorly populated with DNA markers. To increase marker density in this genomic region, first random, and later targeted, comparative mapping with RFLPs from mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilcz.] and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) was performed, eventually leading to one RFLP marker every 2.6 centimorgans (cM). Even with this marker density, the inability to resolve SCN disease response into discrete Mendelian categories posed a major limitation to mapping. Thus, qualitative scoring of SCN disease response was carried out in an F(5:6) recombinant inbred population derived from 'Evans' x PI 209332 using a 30% disease index cut-off for resistance. Using the computer program JoinMap, an integrated map of the region of interest was created, placing the SCN resistance locus 4.6 cM from RFLP marker B53 and 2.8 cM from Bng30. This study demonstrates how a combination of molecular-mapping strategies, including comparative genome analysis, join mapping, and qualitative scoring of a quantitative trait, potentially provide the necessary tools for high-resolution mapping around a quantitative-trait locus.
- Disease resistance
- Quantitative trait locus