Melanoma differentiation associated gene-7/interleukin-24 (mda-7/IL-24), a cytokine belonging to the IL-10 family, displays cancer-specific apoptosis-inducing properties when delivered by a replication-incompetent adenovirus (Ad.mda-7) or as a GST-tagged recombinant protein (GST-MDA-7). Previous studies demonstrated that an adenovirus expressing M4, a truncated version of MDA-7/IL-24 containing amino acid residues 104-206, also induced similar cancer-specific apoptosis. We generated recombinant GST-M4 proteins and examined the potency of GST-MDA-7 and GST-M4 on a panel of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) wild type and mutant non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells either as a single agent or in combination with a reversible EGFR inhibitor, Tarceva. The combination of either GST-MDA-7 or GST-M4 (∼0.1 μM) and Tarceva (10 μM), at sub-optimal apoptosis-inducing concentrations synergistically enhanced growth inhibition and apoptosis induction over that observed with either agent alone. The combination treatment also augmented inhibition of EGFR signaling, analyzed by phosphorylation of EGFR and its downstream effectors AKT and ERK1/2, over that with single-agent therapy. Tarceva enhanced GST-MDA-7 and GST-M4 toxicity in cells expressing mutated EGFR proteins that are resistant to the inhibitory effects of Tarceva. In total, these data suggest that combined treatment of NSCLC cells with an EGFR inhibitor can augment the efficacy of GST-MDA-7 and GST-M4 and that the EGFR inhibitor Tarceva may mediate this combinatorial effect by inhibiting multiple tyrosine kinases in addition to the EGFR. This approach highlights a potential new combinatorial strategy, which may prove beneficial for NSCLC patients with acquired resistance to EGFR inhibitors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of cellular physiology|
|State||Published - Jun 2008|