Take the Short Route: Equilibrium Default and Debt Maturity

Mark Aguiar, Manuel Amador, Hugo Hopenhayn, Iván Werning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


We study the interactions between sovereign debt default and maturity choice in a setting with limited commitment for repayment as well as future debt issuances. Our main finding is that, under a wide range of conditions, the sovereign should, as long as default is not preferable, remain passive in long-term bond markets, making payments and retiring long-term bonds as they mature but never actively issuing or buying back such bonds. The only active debt-management margin is the short-term bond market. We show that any attempt to manipulate the existing maturity profile of outstanding long-term bonds generates losses, as bond prices move against the sovereign. Our results hold regardless of the shape of the yield curve. The yield curve captures the average costs of financing at different maturities but is misleading regarding the marginal costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-462
Number of pages40
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Mark Aguiar: maguiar@princeton.edu Manuel Amador: amador.manuel@gmail.com Hugo Hopenhayn: hopen@econ.ucla.edu Iván Werning: iwerning@mit.edu This paper draws on two previously circulated papers: “Equilibrium Default,” by the last two co-authors; and “Take the Short Route: How to Repay and Restructure Sovereign Debt With Multiple Maturities,” by the first two. We thank comments and suggestions from Fernando Alvarez, Andy Atkeson, Cristina Arellano, V.V. Chari, Raquel Fernandez, Emmanuel Farhi, Doireann Fitzgerald, Stephan Guibaud, Dirk Niepelt, Juan Pablo Nicolini, and Chris Phelan as well as several seminar participants. We are grateful to Georgios Stefanidis, who provided excellent research assistance. Manuel Amador acknowledges support from the Sloan Foundation and the NSF (award number 0952816). Hugo Hopenhayn and Iván Werning acknowledge support from NSF (award number 0922461). The views expressed herein are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis or the Federal Reserve System.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Econometric Society


  • Sovereign debt
  • debt default
  • dilution
  • maturity choice


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