Thyroid hormone (T3) increases Na-K-ATPase activity in rat adult alveolar type II cells via a PI3K-dependent pathway. In these cells, dopamine and β-adrenergic agonists can stimulate Na-K-ATPase activity through either PI3K or MAPK pathways. We assessed the role of the MAPK pathway in the stimulation of Na-K-ATPase by T3. In the adult rat alveolar type II-like cell line MP48, T3 enhanced MAPK/ERK1/2 activity in a dose-dependent manner. Increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation was observed within 5 min, peaked at 20 min, and then decreased. Two MEK1/2 inhibitors, U0126 and PD-98059, each abolished the T3-induced increase in the quantity of Na-K-ATPase α1- subunit plasma membrane protein and Na-K-ATPase activity. T3 also increased the phosphorylation of MAPK/p38; however, SB-203580, a specific inhibitor of MAPK/p38 activity, did not prevent the T3-induced Na-K-ATPase activity. SP-600125, a specific inhibitor of the MAPK/JNK pathway, also did not block the T3-induced Na-K-ATPase activity. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) significantly increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation and Na-K-ATPase activity. The PMA-induced Na-K-ATPase activity was inhibited by U0126. These data indicate that activation of MAPK-ERK1/2 was required for the T3-induced increase in Na-K-ATPase activity in addition to the requirement for the PI3K pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2008|
- Thyroid hormone