Systemically alendronate was incorporated into dental tissues but did not cause morphological or mechanical changes in rats teeth

Paulo Nelson-Filho, Marília Pacífico Lucisano, Raquel Assed Bezerra Da Silva, Roberto Santana Da Silva, Mônica Campos Serra, Raquel Fernanda Gerlach, Francisco Carlos Rehder Neto, Zumira Aparecida Carneiro, Ariane Zamarioli, Leslie Morse, Ricardo Battaglino

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study evaluated the effect of the systemic use of sodium alendronate in rats in vivo. Forty-five Wistar rats aged 36 to 42 days and weighing 200 to 230 g were randomly assigned to a control group (n = 20), which received distilled water, and an experimental group (n = 25), which received 2 weekly doses of 1 mg/kg of chemically pure sodium alendronate. The animals were killed after 60 days of treatment. The tibias were removed for analysis of bone mineral density by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Then, the maxillary incisors were extracted for analysis of the mineralized dental tissues using fluorescence spectroscopy (FS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), bright field microscopy (BFM), and cross-sectional microhardness (CSMH) testing. DXA and CSMH data were subjected to statistical analysis by Kruskal-Wallis test (5% significance level). The experimental group presented higher bone mineral density than the control group by DXA. FS analysis revealed presence of alendronate in the mineralized dental tissues of the specimens of the experimental group. Significant morphological differences were not found by SEM and BFM. Enamel and dentin (100 and 300 μm from the dentinoenamel junction) CSMH data did not show significant difference between the control and experimental groups. Based on the obtained results, we conclude that while alendronate increased the bone mineral density and was incorporated into the mineralized dental tissues it did not cause significant alterations in the morphology and microhardness of rat incisor enamel and dentin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1265-1271
Number of pages7
JournalMicroscopy Research and Technique
Volume75
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Mineralized dental tissues
  • Sodium alendronate

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