System Optimal Dynamic Lane Reversal for Autonomous Vehicles

Melissa Duell, Michael W. Levin, Stephen D. Boyles, S. Travis Waller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transformative technologies such as autonomous vehicles (AVs) create an opportunity to reinvent features of the traffic network to improve efficiency. The focus of this work is dynamic lane reversal: using AV communications and behavior to change the direction vehicles are allowed to travel on a road lane with much greater frequency than would be possible with human drivers. This work presents a novel methodology based on the linear programming formulation of dynamic traffic assignment using the cell transmission model for solving the system optimal (SO) problem. The SO assignment is chosen because the communications and behavior protocols necessary to operate AV intersection and lane reversal controls could be used to assign routes and optimize network performance. This work expands the model to determine the optimal direction of lanes at small space-time intervals. Model assumptions are outlined and discussed. Results demonstrate the model and explore the dynamic demand scenarios which are most conducive to increasing system efficiency with dynamic lane reversal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Subtitle of host publicationSmart Mobility for Safety and Sustainability, ITSC 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1825-1830
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781467365956, 9781467365956, 9781467365956, 9781467365956
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 30 2015
Event18th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2015 - Gran Canaria, Spain
Duration: Sep 15 2015Sep 18 2015

Publication series

NameIEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC
Volume2015-October

Other

Other18th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2015
CountrySpain
CityGran Canaria
Period9/15/159/18/15

Keywords

  • Autonomous vehicles
  • Dynamic lane reversal
  • Dynamic traffic assignment
  • System optimal

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    Duell, M., Levin, M. W., Boyles, S. D., & Waller, S. T. (2015). System Optimal Dynamic Lane Reversal for Autonomous Vehicles. In Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems: Smart Mobility for Safety and Sustainability, ITSC 2015 (pp. 1825-1830). [7313388] (IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC; Vol. 2015-October). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ITSC.2015.296