Synthesis of Novel Benzofuran-Gathered C-2,4,6-substituted Pyrimidine Derivatives Conjugated by Sulfonyl Chlorides: Orally Bioavailable, Selective, Effective Antioxidants and Antimicrobials Drug Candidates

Javarappa Rangaswamy, Honnaiah Vijay Kumar, Salakatte Thammaiah Harini, Nagaraja Naik

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Abstract

In the present study, we have made an effort to develop the novel synthetic antioxidants and antimicrobials with improved potency. The novel benzofuran-gathered C-2,4,6-substituted pyrimidine derivatives 5a, 5b, 5c, 5d, 5e, 5f, 6a, 6b, 6c, 6d, 6e, 6f, 7a, 7b, 7c, 7d, 7e, 7f, 8a, 8b, 8c, 8d, 8e, 8f, 9a, 9b, 9c, 9d, 9e, 9f were synthesized by simple and efficient four-step reaction pathway. Initially, o-alkyl derivative of salicylaldehyde readily furnish corresponding 2-acetyl benzofuran 2 in good yield, upon the treatment with potassium tertiary butoxide in the presence of molecular sieves. Further, Claisen-Schmidt condensation with aromatic aldehydes via treatment with thiourea followed by coupling reaction with different sulfonyl chlorides afforded target compounds. The structures of newly synthesized compounds were confirmed by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, mass, and elemental analysis and further screened for their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. The results showed that the synthesized compounds 8b, 8e, 9b, and 9e produced significant antioxidant activity with 50% inhibitory concentration higher than that of reference, whereas compounds 7d and 7c produced dominant antimicrobial activity at concentrations 1.0 and 0.5 mg/mL compared with standard Gentamicin and Nystatin, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1349-1360
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Heterocyclic Chemistry
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

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