Synthesis of aminooxy end-functionalized pnipaam by raft polymerization for protein and polysaccharide conjugation

Vimary Vázquez-Dorbatt, Zachary P. Tolstyka, Heather D. Maynard

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62 Scopus citations

Abstract

A Boc-protected aminooxy end-functionalized poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAAm) was synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. The monomer was polymerized in the presence of a Boc-protected aminooxy trithiocarbonate chain transfer agent (CTA) utilizing 2, 2'-azobis(2-isobutyronitrile) (AIBN) as the initiator in dimethylformamide (DMF) at 70 °C. The final polymer had a number-average molecular weight (M n) of 4200 Da as determined by 1H NMR spectroscopy and a narrow polydispersity index (1.14) by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The Boc group was removed, and the polymer was then incubated with TVMevulinyllysine-modified bovine serum albumin (BSA). Gel electrophoresis confirmed that the conjugation was successful. The aminooxy endfunctionalized pNIPAAm was also immobilized on a gold surface after reduction of the trithiocarbonate endgroup. The pNIPAAm surface was then incubated with an aldehyde-modified heparin to yield the polysaccharide-functionalized surface. All surface modifications were monitored by FT-IR spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7650-7656
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecules
Volume42
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 27 2009

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