Synthesis and structures of mono- and Bis(amidinate) complexes of aluminum

Martyn P. Coles, Dale C. Swenson, Richard F. Jordan, Victor G Young

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220 Scopus citations

Abstract

The synthesis and structures of mono- and bis(amidinate) aluminum complexes are described. The reaction of AlMe3 and 1 equiv of carbodiimide, R′N=C=NR′, affords {MeC(NR′)2}AlMe2 (1a, R′ = iPr; 1b, R′ = Cy = cyclohexyl). The reaction of R′N=C=NR′ with MeLi or tBuLi generates Li[RC(NR′)2] (2a, R = Me, R′ = iPr; 3a, R = tBu, R′ = iPr; 3b, R = tBu, R′ = Cy; 3c, R = tBu, R′ = SiMe3). 2a, 3a, and 3b may be isolated or reacted in situ, while attempted isolation of 3c gave [Li(tBuCN){μ,-N(SiMe3)2}]2 (3d). The reaction of 1 equiv of AlCl3 with 2a or 3a-c affords {RC(NR′)2}AlCl2 (4a, R = Me; 5a-c, R = tBu), and the reaction of AlMe2Cl with 3a-c affords (tBuC(NR′)2}AlMe2 (6a-c). Alkylation of 5a,b with 2 equiv of PhCH2MgCl or Me3CCH2Li yields {tBuC(NR′)2}Al(CH2Ph)2 (7a,b) or (tBuC(NR′)2}Al(CH2CMe3) 2 (8a,b). The reaction of 0.5 equiv of AlCl3 with 2a or 3a,b yields {RC(NR′)2}2AlCl (9a, R = Me; 10a,b, R = tBu). Complexes 1b, 3d, 4a, 5a,b, 6b, 8b, 9a, and 10a,b have been characterized by X-ray crystallography. The crystallographic results establish that steric interactions between the R and R′ groups influence the R′-N-Al angle and, hence, the steric environment at aluminum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5183-5194
Number of pages12
JournalOrganometallics
Volume16
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 25 1997

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