Synthesis and potential cytotoxic activity of new phenanthrylphenol-pyrrolobenzodiazepines

Ahmed Kamal, Kokkonda Sreekanth, P. Praveen Kumar, Nagula Shankaraiah, G. Balakishan, M. Janaki Ramaiah, S. N.C.V.L. Pushpavalli, Paramita Ray, Manika Pal Bhadra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


New phenanthrylphenol-pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PP-PBD) conjugates have been synthesized and evaluated for their biological activity. One of the compounds 4a has been evaluated for its antiproliferative activity on 57 human tumour cell lines. The growth inhibition of 4a-c has been determined by MTT viability assay on MCF-7 cell line. Among them, 4c showed most potent growth inhibition. Based on this, an attempt was made to rationalize their mechanism of action through cell cycle analysis and DNA interaction studies. The effect of the lead compound 4c on MCF-7 cell growth associated with cell cycle arrest in G1 phase, followed by apoptosis. Our findings suggested the phenanthrylphenol-PBD conjugate 4c, which is a cyclin D1 inhibitor could be considered as a promising lead compound against breast cancer for further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2173-2181
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are thankful to the National Cancer Institute (NCI), USA for providing the data in the 57-cell panel of human cancer cell lines. The authors K.S, P.P.K and G.B.K are also grateful to CSIR, New Delhi, for the award of Research Fellowships.


  • Anticancer activity
  • Apoptosis
  • DNA binding affinity
  • G1 cell cycle arrest
  • Phenanthrylphenol
  • Pyrrolobenzodiazepines


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis and potential cytotoxic activity of new phenanthrylphenol-pyrrolobenzodiazepines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this