Synthesis and characterization of poly(vinylcyclohexane) derivatives

Mark D. Gehlsen, Peter A. Weimann, Frank S. Bates, Steven Harville, Jimmy W. Mays, George D. Wignall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Six nearly monodisperse substituted poly(styrene) homopolymers, poly(styrene) (PS), poly(2‐methylstyrene) (P2MS), poly(3‐methylstyrene) (P3MS), poly(4‐methylstyrene) (P4MS), poly(tertiary‐butylstyrene) (PtBS), and poly(α‐methylstyrene) (FαMS) were anionically polymerized and subsequently saturated using heterogeneous hydrogenation techniques to poly(vinylcyclohexane) (PVCH), poly(2‐methylvinylcyclohexane) (P2MVCH), poly(3‐methylvinylcyclohexane) (P3MVCH), poly(4‐methylvinylcyclohexane) (P4MVCH), and poly(tertiary‐butylvinylcyclohexane) (PtBVCH), respectively. In each case, except PαMS, the materials were saturated to > 99% conversion with no chain degradation. PS hydrogenations required the addition of small amounts of tetrahydrofuran to the reaction solvent cyclohexane to enhance miscibility and eliminate large‐scale chain degradation. Density gradient and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements were used to characterize the density and glass transition temperature, Tg, of the unsaturated and saturated polymers. Saturation reduces the density by 3% to 11% and changes Tg substantially. The greatest variation in Tg is obtained with the 3‐methyl substituted species where a 63°C increase is observed, while the highest measured Tg is 186°C for P2MVCH. Small‐angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments on binary mixtures of hydrogenous and deuterium labeled PVCH derivatives provided a determination of bulk chain statistics. The statistical segment length is relatively insensitive to vinylcyclohexane ring substitution, except with P3MVCH where a 20% greater value is obtained. ©1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1527-1536
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 30 1995

Keywords

  • poly(vinylcyclohexane) derivatives
  • polymer hydrogenation

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