Synergy of substrate conductivity and intermittent electrical stimulation towards osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

K. Ravikumar, Sunil Kumar Boda, Bikramjit Basu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human Mesenchymal Stem cells (hMSCs) have the unique potential to differentiate into multiple cell types. Depending on the cellular microenvironment (physical and biochemical cues), hMSCs can be directed to differentiate into osteogenic, chondrogenic, myogenic and adipogenic lineages. Among the strategies available to direct stem cell fate processes, electrical stimulation based approach has been extensively investigated in recent studies. In the present study, the conducting Hydroxyapatite-CaTiO3 (HA-CT) composites are used as electroconductive platforms to support the differentiation of hMSCs, in vitro. During culture without osteogenic supplements, intermittent electrical stimulation is provided every 24 h over a period of 4 weeks through parallel plate electrodes separated by a distance of 15 mm and maintained at a static potential of 15 V for 10 min. In addition to cell morphological changes, the differentiation behavior of hMSCs after electrical stimulation is evaluated by mRNA expression analysis through polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Importantly, specific bone markers, in particular ALP, Col IA and Osteocalcin are expressed more significantly due to electrical stimulation, which also enhances the extent of extracellular matrix mineralization. Taken together, this study establishes the effectiveness of electroconductive HA-CT composites together with intermittent electrical stimulation to direct osteogenesis of hMSCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-64
Number of pages13
JournalBioelectrochemistry
Volume116
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Copyright:
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Electrical stimulation
  • hMSCs
  • Hydoxyapatite-CaTiO composites
  • Osteogenesis

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