Thirty-four subjects with symptomatic HIV-1 infection, p24 antigenaemia, and CD4 cell counts > 200/mm3 were randomly assigned to receive treatment with either zidovudine (ZDV) orally, interferon-alpha (IFN-α) subcutaneously, or both at respective low (200 mg ZDV/2 million international units IFN-α (MIU)), middle (400 mg/4 MIU) or high (600 mg/6 MIU) daily dose levels for 12 weeks. Thereafter, all patients received combination therapy at the initially assigned dose level to a total of 96 weeks. This design permitted analysis by the combination index (CI) method, which demonstrated antiretroviral synergy between ZDV and IFN-α with respect to p24 antigen suppression. Over the first 12 weeks, combination therapy was acceptably tolerated, more so than IFN-α monotherapy, and it was significantly more active in suppressing antigenaemia than either of the monotherapies. Similarly, the high-dose combination was the most active dose level over weeks 12 to 96. Combination ZDV/IFN-α. at the optimal dose level defined by this trial merits further study. In addition, the CI design strategy employed here may be useful for the investigation of new antiretroviral combinations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1996|