Synchrony of nitrogen supply and crop demand are driven via high maize density in maize/pea strip intercropping

Zhilong Fan, Yanhua Zhao, Qiang Chai, Cai Zhao, Aizhong Yu, Jeffrey A. Coulter, Yantai Gan, Weidong Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cereal density may influence the balance between nitrogen (N) supply and crop N demand in cereal/legume intercrop systems. The effect of maize (Zea mays L.) plant density on N utilization and N fertilizer supply in maize/pea (Pisum sativum L.) strip intercropping was evaluated in a field study with sole maize, sole pea, and intercropped maize/pea with three maize densities (D1, 45,000 plants ha−1; D2, 52,500 plants ha−1; D3, 60,000 plants ha−1) and two N treatments (N0, 0 kg N ha−1; N1, 450 kg N ha−1 for maize and 225 kg N ha−1 for pea). Soil mineral N in intercropped strips decreased with increased maize density. Increased maize density decreased N accumulation for intercropped pea but increased it for maize and the sum of both intercrops. The land equivalent ratio for grain yield (LER grain) showed a 24–30% advantage for intercrops than corresponding sole crops, and was greater with D3 than D1 and D2. Maize/pea intercropping had 4–113% greater nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) than sole maize, which was enhanced with increased maize density. Increasing maize density improved the synchrony of N supply and crop demand in maize/pea strip intercropping.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number10954
JournalScientific reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Aridland Crop Science, Gansu Agricultural University (No. GSCS-2017-5), Special Fund for Talents of Gansu Agricultural University (GAU-RCZX-201705), the Modern Agro-Industry Technology Research System (Grant CARS-22-G-12), and the National Natural Science Fund (Grants 31771738 and 31160265).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, The Author(s).

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