Symposium review: Future of housing for dairy cattle

P. J. Galama, W. Ouweltjes, M. I. Endres, J. R. Sprecher, L. Leso, A. Kuipers, M. Klopčič

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this review was to describe recent changes and expected developments in housing systems for dairy cows. These new developments should create an appropriate production environment for modern high-producing dairy cows and stimulate dairy farming-related developments in management, agro-technology, and equipment. Increased labor efficiency has been an important driver of the change from tie-stall barns to cubicle barns (also known as freestall barns). In future housing systems, the natural behavior of cows, climate control, emissions of ammonia and greenhouse gases, reuse of waste, manure quality, the aesthetics of buildings in the landscape, and capital efficiency are becoming increasingly important elements. To address future requirements, new concepts beyond cubicle barns must be developed. Freewalk housing systems; that is, loose housing systems without cubicles, would meet some of these future demands. These systems operate with composting bedding material or artificial permeable floors as lying and walking areas. However, these barns are still in development. Combinations of cubicle and freewalk housing systems, together with other techniques being developed, might become a major future housing system. Other techniques and systems that are being explored according to sustainability criteria include the multi-climate shed, the CowToilet (Hanskamp AgroTech, Doetinchem, the Netherlands) to separate feces and urine, and multifunctional buildings. These buildings and techniques can be part of land-based or, less commonly, city-based farming systems, such as floating farms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5759-5772
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume103
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was financially supported by the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program under grant agreement No 696231, for research carried out within the ERA-NET SusAn project ?FreeWalk.? The authors have not stated any conflicts of interest.

Funding Information:
This study was financially supported by the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program under grant agreement No 696231, for research carried out within the ERA-NET SusAn project “FreeWalk.” The authors have not stated any conflicts of interest.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Dairy Science Association

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • dairy cattle
  • environment
  • housing
  • innovation
  • welfare

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Symposium review: Future of housing for dairy cattle'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this